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Impact Evaluation Study of Command Area Develoment Project in Tons, Belan and Baghla Canal Command under Ramganga Command Area Development Authority – Bhumi Vikas Evam Jal Sansadhan Vibhag, Government of Uttar Pradesh & Ramganga Command Area Development Authority, Govt. Of UP. – 2005-06.

The main objectives of the study were:

  • To assess the impact of various programmes of soil and water management and various ancillary activities on crop production.
  • Study the socio-economic transformation of water user groups as a result of these activities.

The study involved designing of schedules, organizing field survey, interaction with 445 beneficiaries and 89 non-beneficiaries from 89 sample outlets spanning 81 villages. The views of passers by and other farmers were also taken into consideration. The team also studied 19 outlets (one each from selected sub-irrigation system) to have a peer view of the status of quality of On Farm Development works, status of drainage and functioning of Jal Prabandhan Samiti (JPS) and the like. To assess the quality of the ground water as a sequel to application of irrigation water through these commands, ground water samples collected from dug-wells were subjected to water quality assessment. Further, to ascertain the soil fertility status in these commands, soil samples were also collected and subject to analysis of macro and micro-nutrients.

The expectation of the Central Government regarding quantum and quality of construction of field channel, participatory management, organizational aspects as well as constraints and recommendations were addressed and dealt in the report.

On the basis of the inputs received, recommendations for improving the working of JPS were suggested. It was suggested that Participatory Irrigation Management system (PIM), if implemented would solve most of the problems in the working of JPS/Osrabandi system. Support for JPS/PIM was suggested at three levels namely, legislative, technical and capacity building for their effective functioning. Funding for maintenance of guls, drains, marketing of produce and supply of quality seeds, fertilizers by water user associations would help to improve productivity and utilization of irrigation potential.