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Home Services Fishery Sector in India

Fish Production

India is the third largest producer of fish in the world and second in inland Fish production. Fisheries are important for the Indian economy as it provides employment opportunities, is a source of nutritional food and foreign exchange earning.

Fish production of the country has been growing continuously with improvement in productivity and utilization of untapped resources. The total fish production is 6.4 million metric tonnes (mmt) of which 3.4 mmt is inland and 3.0 mmt is marine production. The Fishery sector contributes about 1.21 per cent of the total GDP and 5.37 per cent of the GDP from agriculture sector and provides employment to 14 million persons.


The Fisheries resources comprise of coast line of 8041 km, Exclusive Economic Zone of 2.02 million sq. Km. having harvestable potential of 3.9 million tonne of fish from marine resources. In addition the resources in the inland sector comprises of river and canals 171334 km, reservoirs 2.05 million ha, tanks and ponds 2.855 million ha and beels and oxbow lakes and derelict water 0.788 million ha. The brackish water resources


The aquaculture potential of the coastal areas of the country is largely unexploited. Considering the developments in aquaculture technologies and non-assessed potential specially related to offshore marine aquaculture there is enormous scope for augmentation of both the production potential as well as enhancing of productivity of Fisheries sector. This enhancement is expected mainly from aquaculture sector and to some extent from capture of Fisheries resources from deep sea.

Avenues for Investment

The sub sector wise items which have growth potential are as follows:


  • Introduction of mechanised vessels.
  • Introduction of item specific vessels


  • Creation of new ponds for Fish farming.
  • Carp hatcheries.
  • Fresh water Prawn farming.
  • Fresh water prawn hatcheries.
  • Integrated fish farming in the inland sector.
  • Ornamental Fish breeding and rearing.
  • Reservoir Fisheries

Coastal aquaculture

  • Shrimp farming.
  • Shrimp hatcheries.
  • Mariculture units.
  • Cage culture units.


  • Processing and cold storage plants.
  • Feed mills.
  • Infrastructure development
  • Training and capacity building.
Present scenario of Fisheries exports

The export of marine products constitutes a major portion of the total agriculture exports in terms of value. It constitutes about 16 percent of the total agriculture products export. The details of the exports in quantity and value for the year 2007-08 are 541701 metric tonne and Rs 7621 crore.

The infrastructure available for exports - 344 freezing plants, 22 canning plants 137 ice plants, 18 fish meal plants, 871 peeling sheds and 418 cold storages. 1105 number of exporters have been registered with The Marine Products Export Development Authority. A number of plants have converted their facilities accordingly to HACCP plans for exporting their products

Credit estimation for Fisheries for the XI Plan period sub-sector wise

It is estimated that the total ground level credit for the Fisheries sector during the XI Plan period required is Rs. 13336 crore consisting of Rs.1334 crore for marine and Rs. 3334 for brackish water, Rs. 6668 crore for inland sector and Rs. 2000 crore for processing and value chain .

Consultancy Services provided by AFC in the Fishery Sector

Aquaculture :

Marine aquaculture, fresh water aquaculture, brackish water aquaculture, on-shore aquaculture open water aquaculture and ornamental Fish breeding and exports. The consultancy services are offered in site selection, project development, feasibility studies and DPRs, project evaluation, project reengineering, environmental impact assessments, project management, man power planning and training, assistance to Government Organisations, Financial Institutions and Companies in evaluation of projects and other related activities.

Seafood Processing Industry :

Carry out market surveys, establish new ventures, re-engineer existing projects in seafood processing plants, feed plants, surimi projects, fish meal and Fish oil plants and other by-products.

Collaborative services :

National and State Governments, National level Fisheries Organisations in India and abroad in preparing vision documents, capacity building programmes, organizing state and sector specific road shows and prepare detailed study reports, road maps, etc.

Brief details of some of the assignments in the Fisheries Sector are given below: