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Panchayati Raj

The 73rd and 74th Amendments of the Constitution of India (1992) have given constitutional status to the third tier of government at the sub state level, thus creating the opportunities for local self rule or Panchayat Raj for bringing about greater decentralization, increasing the involvement of the community in planning and implementing schemes and hence increasing accountability and transparency. Hence, Panchayati Raj Institutions play a crucial role in improving service delivery by keeping a tab on their functioning in their respective areas. The eleventh five year plan envisages the need for preparing a comprehensive capacity building strategy, accompanied by intense monitoring.

The Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India/ Department of Panchayati Raj, Government of Uttar Pradesh has designated AFC, as a Technical Support Institution (TSI), for undertaking facilitation of the communities in the process of preparation of Perspective District Plans in 25 districts of Uttar Pradesh under Backward Region Grant Fund (BRGF). AFC, besides other activities involved in orientation of different stakeholders and elected members of DPC, ZP, GP and BDC members under PRI system and development. AFC is now engaged in Training Needs Assessment of Panchayati raj institutions in Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh.

Training Needs Assessment of Panchayati Raj Institutions

AFC has undertaken the assignment to develop Training Modules for Panchayati Raj Institutions as per the Jharkhand Panchayati Raj for Elected Women Representatives Act on thematic areas for Master Trainers and Trainees after carrying out Training Need Assessment.
The various components under the assignments are:


1. Training Need Analysis:

To undertake need assessment and analysis for the trainings to be conducted for various level participants in order to provide need based support to individuals. This has been done through consultation meeting for whom the training modules is to be developed. It becomes important to identify the gap between the knowledge, skills and attitude that the people currently possess and that they require to meet the training objectives. The training needs assessment has been undertaken using different tools and techniques.

2. Development of Training Modules and Reference Materials:

The 73rd and 74th Amendments of the Constitution of India (1992) gave constitutional status to the third tier of government at the sub state level, thus creating the opportunities for local self rule or Panchayat Raj for bringing about greater decentralization, increasing the involvement of the community in planning and implementing schemes and hence increasing accountability and transparency. Panchayati Raj Institutions play a crucial role in improving service delivery by keeping a tab on their functioning in their respective areas. The eleventh five year plan envisages the need for preparing a comprehensive capacity building strategy, accompanied by intense monitoring. Panchayat Elections were held in the state recently and 24 Zilla Parishad, 259 Block Samiti and 4423 Panchayats were constituted as per the provisions of Jharkhand Panchayati Raj Act. Provision of a minimum of 50% women reservation was applied in recently held elections, hence more than 50% women candidates were elected in the three tier Panchayati Raj Institutions.

To support Local Governance institution and processes, the need for Capacity Building initiatives for Elected Women Representatives of Panchayati Raj Institutions was assessed so that they can perform their duties efficiently.

To achieve the above mentioned statement, AFC developed an effective training module for each level (Three levels of trainees i.e.; Zila Parishad, Panchayat Samiti and Gram Panchayat on their roles and responsibility) and TOT package for trainers of training institutes.. 

Altogether five workshops for gathering -hand responses & information from the Women Adhaksha/Members of Zila Panchayat & lower level WERs has been organized. For the Zilla Panchayat Women Adhaksha, two day state level workshops (two workshops each in PESA & Non PESA areas) will be organized with the members of the Panchayat Samiti Paramukhs/Members. AFC also organized four workshops at the Gram Panchayat level in PESA & Non PESA areas.

The Design of training for each category, Module - Precise topics and sub-topics including case studies, Course content (Course material) and Trainers Manual have been developed keeping in mind the available information from the Training Need Assessment done as well as own knowledge and experience in the given field.